A look at the amendments that IFAB have made to the Laws of the Game ahead of the 2020-21 season.

Law 1: The field of play

10. Goals
The goalposts and the crossbar may be a combination of the four basic shapes

Law 10: Determining the outcome of a match

3. Kicks from the penalty mark
– Yellow cards and warnings are not carried forward into kicks from the penalty mark
– The goalkeeper is warned for the first offence; it is a yellow card for any further offence(s)
– The kicker is penalised if the goalkeeper and the kicker offend at exactly the same time

Law 11: Offside

2. Offside offence
– Deliberate handball by a defending player is considered ‘deliberate play’ for offside

Law 12: Fouls and misconduct

1. Direct free kick
Handball:
– The boundary between the shoulder and the arm is defined as the bottom of the armpit
– ‘Accidental’ handball by an attacking player or teammate is only penalised if it occurs ‘immediately’ before a goal or clear goal-scoring opportunity

3. Disciplinary action
– A goalkeeper can receive a yellow card or be sent off for ‘illegally’ touching the ball a second time after a restart (e.g. goal kick, free kick, etc) even if the touch is with the hand/arm
– Any offence (not only a foul) which ‘interferes with or stops a promising attack’ should result in a yellow card
– A player who fails to respect the 4m required distance at a dropped ball should receive a yellow card
– If the referee plays advantage or allows a ‘quick’ free-kick for an offence which ‘interfered with or stopped a promising attack’, the yellow card is not issued

Law 14: The penalty kick

2. Offences and sanctions
– An offence by the goalkeeper is not penalised if a penalty kick misses the goal or rebounds from the goal (without a touch from the goalkeeper) unless the offence clearly affected the kicker)
– The goalkeeper is warned for the first offence; it is a yellow card for any further offence(s)
– The kicker is penalised if the goalkeeper and the kicker offend at exactly the same time

Video Assistant Referee (VAR) protocol

4. Procedures
– Only one ‘TV signal’ is required for a VAR-only review